The world perspective on mercury pollution-Minamata Convention

Mercury and mercury compounds have long been known to be toxic to humans, other organisms and the environment. Considering that mercury bio accumulates in the environment, its adverse impacts on the environment were evident in countries like Japan causing the Minamata disease as well as the Niigata Minamata disease.

The negative impacts of mercury gave rise to the promulgation of the Minamata Convention on Mercury of October 2013. The convention is an international treaty designed to protect human health and the environment from anthropogenic emissions and releases of mercury and mercury compounds. The convention was a result of international action aimed at managing mercury in an efficient, effective and coherent manner, while member states work towards its total elimination.


Sustainable Waste Management Programmes

Waste management is one of the most topical environmental challenges in Zimbabwe’s urban centers, growth points as well as rural service centres. Most cities, towns and growth points are characterised by litter and illegal solid waste dumps on street corners and along sanitary lanes. According to Practical Action Southern Africa (2006), more than 2.5 million tonnes of household and industrial waste are produced per annum in urban areas across Zimbabwe.

Drivers to the waste management challenge

Rapid urbanisation leading to high urban population densities, sprouting illegal settlements, expansion of residential and industrial areas as well as changing consumption patterns had led to a dramatic increase in urban solid waste generation, with corresponding increases in challenges for planning and designing for solid waste management systems for urban areas.Increased packaging of consumer goods has not only increased the quantities of waste but also the varieties of waste generated, further complicating the problem for urban local authorities.


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About EMA

The Environmental Management Agency is a statutory body responsible for ensuring the sustainable management of natural resources and protection of the environment, the prevention of pollution and environmental degradation, the preparation of Environmental Plans for the management and protection of the environment. It was established under the Environmental Management Act [Chapter 20:27] and operationalised on the 17th of March 2003 through SI 103 of 2003.

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Vision, Mission & Values

  • VISION +

    A clean, safe and healthy environment, promoting a growing economy and empowered society.

    To regulate, monitor and promote sustainable management of natural resources and protection of the environment with stakeholder participation.

    • Transparency • Professionalism • Timeous response • Stakeholder Participation • Unhu / Ubuntu •Team work •
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