Environmental Impact Assessment and Licensing Requirements

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a planning tool used to identify, predict and assess the potential impacts (either negative or positive) that may arise from planned projects, and propose ways of minimizing the negative ones whilst enhancing the positive ones. Apart from reviewing and issuing EIA certificates, the Agency monitors certain industrial activities so as to monitor and regulate the adverse environmental effects brought about by the activities.

The Environmental Management Agency (EMA) wishes to notify the public that in terms of the Environmental Management Act [CAP20:27] the following industrial activities require licensing:


Hazardous substances monitoring at ports of entry


The transit and movement of hazardous substances, hazardous waste (dangerous goods) and oils through and within Zimbabwe, is prohibited unless they are cleared through EMA check points. EMA’s presence at border posts is to ensure compliance with the national legislation and international conventions on all hazardous substances or hazardous waste that are in transit and those destined for use in the country.

Hazardous substance spillage

Hazardous substance spillage


What are hazardous substances and hazardous waste?

Hazardous substances are materials whether solid, liquid or gaseous, or any organism which is injurious to human health or the environment.

Hazardous waste is waste which is poisonous, corrosive, noxious, explosive, inflammable, toxic or harmful to the environment.


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About EMA

The Environmental Management Agency is a statutory body responsible for ensuring the sustainable management of natural resources and protection of the environment, the prevention of pollution and environmental degradation, the preparation of Environmental Plans for the management and protection of the environment. It was established under the Environmental Management Act [Chapter 20:27] and operationalised on the 17th of March 2003 through SI 103 of 2003.

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Vision, Mission & Values

  • VISION +

    A clean, safe and healthy environment, promoting a growing economy and empowered society.

    To regulate, monitor and promote sustainable management of natural resources and protection of the environment with stakeholder participation.

    • Transparency • Professionalism • Timeous response • Stakeholder Participation • Unhu / Ubuntu •Team work •
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